Immunity Strengthening of Children by Means of a Natural Way

Autumn and Winter are in full swing, and so it comes the most suitable time for strengthening immunity of the organism. Let us have a look at the possiblities of its strengthening by means of herbs, aromatherapy and other natural ways, without chemical medicines and vitamins, which needlessly burden a little child organism. Then it can devote more power to the struggle with omnipresent viruses.

Organism is daily exposed to the attacks. It has to struggle with aliens, such as viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites. The main function of immune system is to recognize foreign particles and react to them. Microorganisms causing infections can be for example foreign substances (antigens), transplantable organs or tissues, but also tumors which are recognized as foreign to a body. The right body immunity then ensures defence against infections.

Nourishment is the essence

We can influence health of a child organism primarily with the structure of a regimen. The raw vegetables should be the essence, fruit, salads, wholegrain pastries, pulses, buckwheat, the brown rice, sprouts and tofu. We must not forget about the vegetable oils- olive, almond, sesame, flax. On the contrary, we should reduce cow milk products and meat.

We can indulge them maximally three times a week. We try to replace sugar with healthier variants such as for example grape or fruit sugar, honey, sirup of agave, barley, corn or rice malt.

 

Sea buckthorn

It is an excellent source of vitamins A, C, E and other valuable substances. It is available in the form of juice or sirup, children should take one half of a tea spoon per day from September to May.

Pumpkin seeds

Pumpkin seeds are the most plentiful source of natural zinc. Zinc is absolutely irreplaceble for the functions of all kinds of organs and the whole organism, however it is dependant on the sufficiency of vitamin A, because it does not activate without it- it is also otherwise.

Children from 1 to 6 years of age should take one half of a tea spoon of oil three times a week

Children from 6 to 10 years of age- one spoon of oil three times a week

Children from 10 to 15 years of age- one spoon of oil four times a week

Attention! There should be 12 hours break between giving sea buckthorn and pumpkin oil, because sea buckthorn contains lots of vitamin E and pumpkin seeds contains ferrum which completely destroys this vitamin which would be pity.

 

Flax oil

It contains non saturated fat acids and it should be included in any regimen.

Children from 1 to 6 years of age should take one half of a tea spoon of oil three times a week

Children from 6 to 10 years of age- one spoon of oil three times a week

Children from 10 to 15 years of age- one spoon of oil four times a week

 

Honey carrot strengthens organism

We need: 1 liter of carrot juice (preferably freshly squeezed or bought in bio quality), 250 g high quality honey (in case of alergy to bee products it is possible to replace it with sirup of agave, barley or rice malt).

Procedure: We have to mix well all these aforementioned ingredients, we pour them into a glass and keep them in a cold place. We give it to children two times a week one spoon before food for the period of 8 weeks.

 

Strengthening herbs

We can start to strengthen organism immunity at an early age. I recommend homeopaticum Silicea 9 ch for children from 6 months of age, we take two balls two times a day for the period of 3 months regularly. We must melt the balls in a child´s mouth or in a spoon of For example Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) is an excellent remedy primarily for children (from 2,5 years of age) – it is Echinacea suitable in the form of tea or tincture.

It proves as a good remedy in combination with beta glukans which are medical strengthening substances from mushrooms – Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus), Shiitake (Lentinula edodes), Auricularia auriculajudae and champignon. These remedies should be taken together incessantly for the period of 4 months.

 

Tincture from Echinacea

We need: We pour 3 dl with 40% of pure alcohol with one spoon of dried echinacea or two spoons of fresh echinacea (blooms, leaves, roots). We leave all in a warm place to soak for 14 days, we must not forget to shake it two times a day. Then we filter a tincture and pour into a glass bottle. We store it in a cold and dark place.

Children from 2 to 5 years of age take four drops of tincture two times a day into 1 dl of water

Children from 5 to 8 years of age take five drops of tincture two times a day into 1 dl of water

 

Tincture from Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus)

We mix into a mash 60 grams of dried mushrooms and 200 grams of 40% pure alcohol. We pour the mixture into a two liter glass, close it well and put it in a shady warm place for 14 days. We turn the glass daily. Then we filter the mixture well, squeeze the rests of mushrooms and we fill the prepared tincture into the dark and lockable little glass bottles. It will last even two years when it is stored like this.

Children from 2 to 5 years of age take one drop of tincture two times a day into 1 dl of water

Children from 5 to 8 years of age take two drops of tincture two times a day into 1 dl of water

Tincture of echinacea and Oyster can be taken together, there is no need to have a break.

 

Child tea mixtures

We need: 1 part of the raspberry leaves, 1 part of the strawberry leaves, 1 part of the blackberry leaves, 1 part of the elderberry blossom

Procedure: We mix the herbs together, we prepate the tea so that we pour over two spoons of the mixture with 2 dl of boiling water and leave it soak for 10 minutes. Then we filter it and dilute it according to the age of the child.

Children up to 3 years of age – 1 tea spoon of tea into 2 dl of clean water

Children from 3 to 5 years of age – 2 tea spoons of tea into 2 dl of water

Children from 5 to 9 years of age – 3 tea spoons of tea into 2 dl of water

Then we do not have to dilute any more.

 

Flower fairy

We need: 1 part of the elderberry blossom, 1 part of the linden blossom, 1 part of the strawberry leaves, 1 part of the raspberry leaves

Procedure:We mix together the medical herbs, we prepare the tea so that we pour over two spoons of the mixture of 2 dl of boiling water and leave it soak for 10 minutes. We filter after this period of time.

 

Children up to 3 years of age will get 1 tea spoon of already prepared tea into 2 dl of clean water

Children from 3 to 5 years of age will get 2 tea spoons of already prepared tea into 2 dl of water

Children from 5 to 9 years of age will get 3 tea spoons of already prepared tea into 2 dl of water

Then we do not have to dilute any more.

 

Aromatherapy

All etheric oils contain substances that strengthen organism immunity more or less they have antivirus and antibacteria effect. For these purposes I would recommend primarily essential oils of lavender, spruce, pine, tea tree, myrtle, thyme, eucalyptus. It is necessary to pay attention to quality when we choose etheric oils. There must be always a label on the small bottle, that it is 100% natural oil. If there is no label or no etiquette or for example natural out of 95%, we never buy it, the remaining 10% is namely synthetic, i.e. irritant and very detrimental to organism.

Instructions for using an aromalamp We pour 2,5 spoons of clean water into an aromalamp and add three up to four drops of chosen etheric oil. Then we light the tea candle, put it in a safe place and leave to scent through the room.

When you strengthen your immunity, do not forget about sufficent motion and sleeping.

When you stay two hours outside, that is minimum.

 

Strong immunity is the essence ofeverything!

Pacifier – Ten Ways How to Get Rid of It

A pacifier sometimes can really do wonders. However sometimes we need a small wonder, how to break the kid of using a pacifier. Here are ten small tricks, that should help you to get rid of „a small but undesirable problem“.

 

1. Make it tasting bad

As well as when breaking the habit of biting the nails, you can coat it with something unpleasant what a child does not like it can also help with breaking the habit of using a pacifier

 

2. Give it as a present or „sell it“

If you think a child can not comprehend this procedure, then giving it as a present or swap the pacifier for something else which the child longs for it can be the right trick that can terminate the pacifier addiction.

 

3. Make „a cold nose“

You are the parent and therefore you have the right to take away the pacifier from the child once and for all- at least theoretically. If you think the best thing for your child and also for your sanity is to say simply one day strong „No“, you have got the full right to that.

 

4. Take it away gradually

Perhaps all the present people will bear best gradual and sensitive taking away from the pacifier. The first successful step is to reduce using the pacifier only for particular time periods (evening falling asleep) or a place (bed…).

 

5. The sooner, the better

Small babies and also small children have their powerful means how to protest against their beloved habit, such as for example a pacifier. But when you break the habit sooner, than a child learns to manifest its repulsion in a verbal way or it will negotiate with you, you will save much time and energy, it will be easier for you and also for your child.

 

 6. Damage it

For many parents it attested itself when they damaged the pacifier in order to it has fully damaged and stopped to be pleasant in child´s mouth. Somebody will pierce it and waits when it tears up, somebody will tear it up right to the handle. Safety note: if you try it, beware, not to damage the pacifier so that it will give off small particles that could choke the child or it would start to suffocate.

 

7. Give it to the pacifier fairy as a present

The Pacifier fairy is tiny, but powerful and it is the next kin of Tooth fairy. This magical character can help your child to come from the life with a pacifier to a free life without a pacifier. „When my little brother was two years old, we told him, that the Pacifier fairy needs his pacifier for small babies that do not have any pacifier. It worked wonderfully- he liked the idea very much.“ –L. „My daughter was three and a half years old when we played the game with her she gave up the pacifier thanks to this and without any tear. We put all her pacifiers into a bag and told her that the Pacifier fairy will bring her a toy she wishes to have instead of the pacifier. We prepared her for that several months and explained to her that the pacifiers are only for small babies and not for big girls. To our amazement she pushed out the bag with pacifiers herself in front of the entrance door. There was a beautiful toy instead of the bag in the morning, that she chose in advance. She has never mentioned the pacifier again.“

 

 8. „Lose it“

When you look for furiously a lost pacifier next time again, stop. When it got lost, it is lost. Or you can lose it on purpose. Both possibilities are excellent solution for desperate parents.

 

9. Read about it

Storytelling and reading of stories is at the same time amazing time for smooching and cheering up child´s love to reading and books. By means of books you can „instigate“ your child towards behaviour you would like to see. It will help him also to learn new things, tackle with changes and various changeovers- as for example the end with the pacifier.

 

10. Leave it to Nature

 

Sometimes it is needed to forbid the pacifier out of health reasons:

– Children who do not use the pacifier, they have less problems with ear infections.

– If it seems that your child will have some problems with pronunciation, the pacifier can even worsen them.

– Long- lasting and obstinate using the pacifier can cause problems with teeth and oral cavity.

– On the contrary, some parents think, it is better not to be much involved in anything, and leave it up to a child, when it gives up the pacifier itself.

– Sometimes the child can have a strong need to comfort itself, so that when you take away the pacifier from it, it will find compensation quickly: it will suck its thumb, pull a blanket and suck it or it will find another „honey“ that will suck.

Objects – My Favorite Blanket…

Between the ages of six to twelve months, children tend to get emotionally attached to a favorite item.

 

 

What kind of an item is it?

It’s usually a soft item that is in the reach of the child. It’s often something that is associated with the crib – a cloth that we put under our child’s head, a sheet, a blanket, a handkerchief or a stuffed animal. However, it’s possible that it’s a more unusual item, such as an onesie, a sleeping bag, a bottle, etc. It’s also possible that a child associates some kind of a movement with this item – caressing the sheet, rubbing his nose… Basically, it’s not important what the item is – the child will pick it himself and demand it. No matter how easy it is to clean, no matter how pretty or ugly, it will always end up dirty, torn, indispensable and endlessly loved.

Psychologists call it a transitional object.

 

Are there good and bad transitional objects?

Not for a child. He always chooses wisely. For a mother though, an object is good if it exists in several copies, if it’s not too big and if it can be washed in the washing machine.

 

Why does a child choose a certain item over the others?

Children’s preferences have its odd rules. Out of all those toys that occupy his crib, he favors one more than the others. Parents usually don’t know about it and find out when a child refuses to go anywhere without this object. What we do know is that the important factors that play part in the selection of this item are touch and smell.

 

Why is the transitional object appearing now?

It’s associated with separation anxiety that is normal at this age. The object helps with this anxiety. A child starts looking for his item at around his sixth to twelfth month and his attachment could last up until he’s three to six years old.

 

Do all children have a transitional object?

Probably not. Children that suck their finger or a pacifier tend not to have a transition item. However, if we search deeper we can find something less noticeable, like a gesture that can be their transitional object. We don’t know why some children (a very small number) don’t have a transitional object. All we know is that no one ever discovered any noticeable differences in psychological and overall development between these children and those that care for their old torn teddy bear for years.

 

 What does a transitional object mean to a child?

The item substitutes for mom who sometimes leaves her child. The object becomes a substitute mom that gives the child security, but also a mom that doesn’t stop him from expressing all his feelings and doesn’t punish him for them. A mom that the child – although small – can control. A growing child finds security in the transitional object; the kind of security he experience as a baby in his mothers arms. Even though a child grows and become more independent, his development is not without dear and sadness.

The transitional object provides a child with strength and comfort. It helps him recover from tiredness and sadness. A child takes it everywhere, because it gives him security in situations that he fears (like visiting the doctor).

The favorite item that a child holds close to him at night when in bed helps him deal with night anxieties. If he’s alone in a room and wakes up seeing phantoms around his bed, he buries his face into this well known scent.

 

Can we take the object away?

Experts don’t recommend it, because the attachment is too strong. Parents shouldn’t interfere in the relationship since their child needs it. This phase plays an important role in his development. We shouldn’t wash the object without our child’s approval; the best thing is to buy the same item again and give it to him. Even if your child treats the item poorly, if he tears it or beats it, we shouldn’t interfere. Some kids aren’t so loyal, but others will keep it for years. Parents can only wait until their child detaches himself from the item. Until then, parents should make sure that item doesn’t get lost or forgotten – this would surely create drama and your child will have trouble falling asleep.

 

Difficulties at nights

Problems with sleeping can occur in 15 to 20% of cases. If you are able to recognise at least some of the small health issues that causes your child’s bad sleep you prevent a lot of misunderstandings.

Why the tears?

It’s not at all easy to differentiate the sobs for attention of a child that does not want to sleep or even a child that wants to share parent’s bed to the a cry that indicates that he or she is hungry or has some anxieties or even physical pain. Thanks to your experience you might be able to recognise these in time. Trust your instincts. If are not able to sooth your baby with a bottle, cuddle or gentle rocking it might actually experience physical pain. Even though we have some inclinations to deny that an infant can be in pain, we have to admit that it is possible.

The origins of restless or bad sleeping can lie in chronicle ear infection. If you are not sure consult your ORL specialist.

At what time does it cry – nights difficulties?

The time when the child is crying is usually a good indicator. Crying in the second part of the night is usually connected with natural awakening in the sleep cycle. If the child is not able to fall asleep again it calls its parents for help. If the child cries at the first part of the night and it stays away for long periods, it could be a symptom of illness. A child in deep NREM sleep should not wake up. Possible cause could be a pain.

Teeth as the accused!

Teething certainly belongs among the most painful events of child life. Cutting through is always connected with several bad nights. To soothe your child discomforts do not hesitate to use an anaesthetic cream or a gel on the red-oversensitive gums to numb the pain. Well known homeopathic Chamomilla 9CH works almost miraculously.

Teething calendar

The following simple calendar should help you to forecast the difficult nights to come.

  • First two lower jaw incisor teeth start to appear about the 6th month.
  • Next are the two first upper jaw incisors and second lower jaw incisors.
  • In the 9th month the second upper jaw incisors are ready to come out.
  • Then between the 10th and 20th month first molar teeth are coming. The canine teeth are ready to come out between the 16th and 18th month.
  • An at last between the 20th and 30th month the second molars appear.

Damn colic!

Right after teething, the ear infection and the skin problems are the naughty colons. Of course they have no mercy on any one! How can a child have a peaceful sleep if his or her belly doesn’t let it sleep because of crumps or pain?  Some symptom helps to diagnose a colic which is always on the cards when caring for a baby. The child has usually swollen belly, stressed and bloated and has irregular stool, that is of solid consistency, or too runny. It has a surge of needs to go to the toilet; its face gets bright red while trying to push. Because it feels pain it keeps crouching or pulling its legs toward its body.

Practical advice

If you would like to soothe your baby’s pain you can massage its stomach which will release some of the gases. Massage the belly clockwise to copy the peristalses. Do put warm hands on its belly or cover it with warmed up (no too hot) cotton blanket.

Different custom, different approach

In Africa mothers help their children from colic by carrying them on their backs.

Infant suffering with colic in Algeria is covered up by warmed up cotton strips. The fabric, a kind of safe and calming second skin, warms it up and relieves the pain.

Patience heals

Majority of children meet with more or less intense problems in their 1st to 4th month of life. There is not much relieve that can ease the problems. We don’t know the exact causes of colic but it seems that the immaturity of the digestive system might take the blame. The colons are not prepared to process some sugars contained in mother milk and they cause agitation and gases in the intestines. These problems with colic will one day be only an unfortunate flashback when your child grows up.

Tidal motion

The ‘traffic’ in the digestive system is not perfect and ‘one way street’ does not stop the ‘traffic’ coming through in the opposite direction. It happens sometime that the stomach content decides to return to the gullet. The stomach acids irritate the mucous membrane of the gullet which is very painful. It happens mostly at night in horizontal position while the child is asleep. It may not necessarily cause vomiting and sometimes it is hard to detect it. However the child suffers intensely. In this case an appointment at the surgery is necessary.

 

Child difficulties at nights are normal.  Every parent can say that. And it is sure they will stop.  When child will grow up.

The Nutrition of Toddlers and Preschool Children

It’s well known that children prefer sweet taste and prefer sweet foods. Too much sweetening can result in a lesser intake of other food components and this could have a negative effect on a child’s development.


Nutrition is an important factor that influences the growth and development of a child from birth

up until adulthood. Nutrition is life’s „fuel“ of all the metabolic processes in the organism. The needs for energy, nutrients and other substances are well known and defined for different stages of life, including the toddler and preschool age.

 

Nutritional needs of toddlers and preschool children

 

A toddler (a child between one and three years old) grows slowly in comparison to a newborn. However, there are changes in his physical development. The limbs lengthen, body fat amount decreases and more muscle tissue is produced. A child starts walking and thus the demand for a strong bone structure increases. These changes in growth and development effect nutritional needs. The energy requirement of a toddler is smaller then that of a newborn per weight (kg). Because of the increased muscle development, the need for protein increases; especially for those that are biologically valuable – animal proteins. The strength of bones is determined by sufficient mineralization, which needs the right amount of calcium and phosphorus. Also, the increased volume of blood requires a higher iron intake.

A healthy preschool child (between three to six years old) grows according to its genetic code, which he receives from his parents. The need for energy for a preschooler increases, but decreases per weight (kg). For example, the energy need of a five-year-old child (no matter his sex) is from 50% intended to ensure basal metabolism (maintaining the basic life processes of the organism during rest), 26% for movement and 12% to ensure an appropriate growth. The rest of the energy gets lost during metabolic processes related to the processing of food and its exclusion from the organism.

For proper growth and development, besides an adequate intake of energy, a preschooler also needs a good amount of quality proteins that are found in milk, meat, cheese and eggs. It`s necessary to saturate the need for calcium and iron, just as during the toddler age. There is also an increases need for vitamins, especially vitamins A and C that are found in fruits and vegetables.

 

Eating habits

 

A child is a passive recipient of food after he is born. It’s this way for infants, toddlers, preschoolers and even some of older school age.  Infant and partially toddler diet is at the forefront of scientific interest. The principles for nutrition at this age are well refined. Even though the selection of nutrition products for the smallest children is less varied, the recommended foods are rich in everything a child’s organism needs. With age, the specific recommendations decrease and a child’s diet is more and more determined by the dietary habits of the family. A child gradually and subconsciously accepts these habits and creates the basis of his own dietary habits for adulthood and for upbringing of his own children. The active approach in food selection of a child is at first influenced by whether or not the taste is pleasant of not, by the child’s mental state or by other factors. It’s well known, that a child prefers sweet taste and chooses foods that are sweet. Too much sweetening though can result in a lesser intake of other food components and this could have a negative effect on a child’s development. Already in infancy, for example during the transition from milk to non-milk diet, a child often refuses vegetable soup. Parents often react to this by sweetening the soup, by adding the familiar “milk taste” to it, or by doing breaks. Forcing food could lead to an opposite reaction in the mind of a child and a permanent refusal of that food from childhood until adulthood.

Preschoolers gradually form a relationship with different foods. Children at this age usually accept fruit well. However, they usually refuse vegetables with a sharp taste (onions, cabbage, etc.) and prefer frail and non-cooked vegetables. Children usually drink milk and like cooked or scrambled eggs because they can touch them. Meat has to be tender and easily cut and chewed. Children eat cereals in all forms – which make up the majority of their energy intake.

Preschoolers learn dietary habits from adults, from their family. The question is, if these habits are always ideal.

 

The diet of toddlers

 

The daily diet of a toddler consists of four to five meals. For breakfast, milk and a piece of bread or some pastry with butter, jam or honey is served. Snack is similar to breakfast; we can add a piece of fruit or cheese, Cottage cheese, yoghurt or other dairy product. Lunch should include meat – for children under 18 months of age it should be two tablespoons (about 25 g) and for children under 3 years of age three tablespoons (about 40g). Meat can be substituted with an egg – a half of one for children under 18 months and a whole one for older children. We can serve potatoes or mixed vegetables with potatoes as a side. After lunch, give your child some fruit, fruit desert or a dairy product. Give him water, mineral water or juice to drink. Dinner can consists of pasta, rice or potatoes that you can mix with vegetables or some other recipes. Again, it’s good to serve some milk or a dairy product.

Don’t ever give nuts to toddlers. Children at that age can’t chew that well yet and they can inhale the nuts.

 

The diet of preschoolers

 

A preschooler should have milk or a dairy product during every day meal. A child should drink half a liter of milk a day or eat four diary products a day. Milk and dairy products are rich on calcium, protein and vitamins. A rich source of proteins and also irons is meat, poultry, eggs or fish (which we serve boneless). A child between three or four years needs 40-50 grams of these diet components. A four to six year old needs about 60-80 grams. 50 grams of meat is nutritionally equivalent to one egg. Fruit and vegetables provide a child’s organism with vitamin, minerals and fiber. Fiber significantly influences the digestive processes and helps prevent some lifestyle diseases up until adulthood (constipation, rectum or colon cancer, atherosclerosis, diabetes, obesity or others). In preschool or school age children, the daily intake of fiber should be 5-10 g. Dietary habits of a preschooler with enough fiber is also significant because they last up until later period of life. A child should have raw fruit or vegetables – or possibly cooked in some way if the child wants – at least twice a day. Cereals (bread, pasta or others) are a source of carbohydrates, B vitamins and also protein. Out of fats, it’s best to use oil, which is rich in unsaturated fatty acids and vitamin E, as well as fresh butter or even cream rich in vitamin A. We should sweeten foods in a child diet carefully, as a part of an individual portion.

 

Our child doesn’t eat well and enough! What should we do?

 

It’s an often-asked question that parents ask their pediatrician. A doctor has to evaluate if it’s not a symptom of some illness. Most of the times, none illness is found. All children aren’t the same and parents or grandparents have different expectations. A good way to tell if your child is getting enough nutrition is to watch his weight and height, or other changes in a certain time period. These data need to be compared with data of the rest of the population. If a child really isn’t getting enough nutrition, it will manifest itself in a delayed development and we should consult a doctor.

 

How to avoid problems with eating

–          Give your child a varied diet and give him a chance to pick out what he wants to eat – at least partially.

–          Don’t punish him if he doesn’t want to eat something, but don’t reward him if he eats something without any problems (“You can play outside if you finish your carrots“)

–          Don’t spend too much time preparing separate children’s food – it’s than that much worse for you if he doesn’t want to eat it.

–          If your child eats too slowly, don’t try to speed him up. It’s normal that kids take a little more time than adults.

–          Don’t force your child to eat more than he wants. If he is growing well, it’s obvious he’s eating enough.

Hair, hair, hair….

Each person has several types of hair during his or her life. Before birth, in the mother’s womb, a baby has very soft smooth hair usually without any pigmentation. If a child is born on its due date the hair usually falls out before birth.

You can see some of the hair on prematurely born babies or in a newborn within the first few days of their life. Majority of children have children’s “veluse” hair after birth, they are very fine and short (less then 2cm) without core and usually with no pigmentation (that is why most babies appear to be blond). In some rare cases babies have thick hair layer, where others can be completely bold or even some can have fine thin hair that last for three years.

 

A COLOUR AND THE QUALITIY OF HAIR CAN RADICALY CHANGE EVEN TWICE BEFORE THE CHILD REACHES PUBERTY.

 

In the first year of life majority of hair fall out. Later these hairs grow back thicker. Intermediate hair layer covers the head gradually, this type of hair are the intermediate stage of hair grow between the child and adult hair. In some children you may not even notice the gradual change of the “old” hair for new. Some baby can be born with a thick dark curly “mane” and within the next six month lose all of it. And then later fair smooth hair may grow in their place instead. In majority cases the script of hair-grow is so: all first “veluse” hair are similar length and at one point their growth stops (usually between the 4th and 7th month) and all the hair then fall out. The intermediate layer of hair starts growing by the end of the first year they also become thicker. Between the ages of 9 to 12 years (just before puberty) the baby’s hair and the intermediate hair will change into the adult/ terminal hair under the influence of the hormonal changes. Before this period the terminal hair are only present on the eye brows and the eye lashes. The change can be radical – a blond boy with straight hair may over the course of 6 month become a dark haired boy with many curls. Blond hairs have the highest density. And ginger-red hairs are the thickest with the lowest density.

 

DENSITY, STRENGTH AND QUALITY OF HAIR IS A GENETICAL AND AN INDIVIDUAL MATTER.

 

The above is the reason why it is impossible to increase the number of hair follicles during one’s life apart from a surgical hair implantation. You cannot increase the density of hair by cutting it not even according to the advice of your grandmother. It is a myth. The truth is that when you cut your hair to a similar straight length it will look better a kept well. It is also a myth that when you cut your child’s curls it will grow straight. It is possible to meet some mums that might say: “My little one had looked like an angel. He had such beautiful blond curls but they had grown out of control and the summer was too hot so my husband took him to cut it, although, I didn’t agree. I was worried that he will lose his curls and so it happened his hair is now dark and straight.“  Was the mother wrong? No, the reality is that the quality of hair didn’t change by cutting. It was just the time of development where the original curls started to fall out and new dark straight hairs were ready to replace them. The cut caused only a radical perception instead of the gradual change. It is good to consider what is more important – a good well kept look and comfort or the beautifully looking angel curls. Of course not all children will lose their curls in time. Do look around your family, your parents and grandparents, and check their hair to see what you may expect your child’s hair to be if the quality is dominantly a genetic matter.

 

CARING FOR CHILD’S HAIR

For the sensitive children’s skin we use a baby-soap at first. Later we start using baby shampoo. All to a point – most shampoos are at high concentration so before using it on baby’s hair dilute it at one-to-one ratio in a cup. It is enough to use the shampoo just once per wash and rinse it well with water. Well rinsed hair will lower the development of dandruff. It is also not necessary to wash your baby’s hair daily. If you need to do so use just water. Baby’s hair is very sensitive to chemicals so limit the use of shampoo to a minimum in the first years.

 

IT’S NOT GOOD TO COMB WET HAIR

 

When you comb wet hair the hair become damaged by friction they stretch and break. They can also break more easily after drying.  An excessive combing of dry hair is also damaging and especially using a hairdryer. Same goes for adult hair.

 

PROTECT YOUR HAIR IN THE SUMMER

 

Particularly children with dryer sensitive skin need to be protected from chemicals in swimming pools. Make sure you wash their hair well after that. Do protect your child scalp and hair in excessive sun and wind and also on dirty environment.

 

CRADLE CAP – A COMMON ISSUE

 

Majority of toddlers have on their scalp greasy well attached brownish scabs. It is neonatal seborrhoeic dermatitis. In more serious cases is can also affect other parts of body with higher number of sebaceous glands or skin folds. There are two forms: dry, where there is small white flakes present in the area of hair with no inflammation. Usually comes out with combing and makes small visible particles on the clothing; the second form is the greasy type with yellow-brown scales or scabs on inflamed skin. We can also see red rush in the affected area or weeping. The cause of it isn’t well known; some genetics preposition or hormonal misbalance can affect it. Also an excessive production of sebaceous glands or outbreak of yeast cell can cause it. Higher number of skin cells is produced; they stick in layers and form scabs and flakes on the skin. It also affects the acidic protective coat of skin. This illness affects children usually between 3rd month and 2nd year. It isn’t generally chronicle. It can also happen in adulthood (particularly in men) but it usually disappears within the 2nd year of child’s life.

 

FOLLOW THESE MEASURES:

 

  • Limit the use of shampoos (a change of brand can sometimes help)
  • Rinse hair well after using soap or shampoo
  • Use cotton, or breathable clothing, hat
  • Feed your child a healthy diet without spices, chocolate, sweets (should not be in toddlers diet anyway)
  • Use food rich in vitamin B (a pediatrician can prescribe supplements in older children)

 

WHAT TO DO WITH THE SCABS

 

Never comb it out with force or scrape it off! In not so serious case use natural olive oil, massage it into the scalp and leave for 24 hours. Then brush the scabs out with soft brush. Wash hair out with baby soap. You may need to carry out this process several times within a few weeks. In more serious case contact your pediatrician to help you.

Exercising With Toddlers

Just don’t neglect anything – that’s the motto of many parents of small children. There are several ways to develop your child’s skills and one of them is physical activity. But not everything truly benefits the child.

 

More and more mothers today are searching for anything they could do to help their child develop as best as possible. Hand in hand with that, there are more possibilities today – swimming, massages and different kinds of exercises. Also, the number of different clubs and Maternity Centers is growing. Enthusiastic mothers that often lack sufficient knowledge and skills usually organize such activities. So what should we look out for?

 Is exercising necessary?

At first this sounds humorous. Is it really important to exercise with a baby or a child under 3 years of age? The process of physical development (in terms of turning over, sitting, standing…) happens on its own; on the basis of a loving relationship between parents and their child. A child loves his parents and imitates them, because he wants to be like them. That’s how he learns. He doesn’t learn to turn over because we turn him over or sit because we sit him up. On the contrary, if we do any movement for him, we can slow down his development. When a baby starts sitting up, he learns to work with his center of gravity; he seeks balance and receives feedback about him through – for example – his falls.

Our job is to create proper conditions for this development. If we try to intervene and try to speed up our child’s development, he may lose his motivation to discover his body and develop his skills. We could decrease his self-awareness and teach him to depend on people around him. For the rest of his life, even as an adult, he will be constantly looking for support in others rather than in himself. Therefore it’s good to do any movements with the child after we’re sure that he can do them himself. If he can’t turn around on his own yet, we should lay him on his tummy only if needed. Until a child can get up into a sitting position on his own, we shouldn’t sit him up. We also shouldn’t hold his hand while walking, until he can walk on his own without support.

 

Don’t try to speed up your child

 

If you lay a child on his tummy too early, he often tries to lift his head unnaturally using his back muscles. There is also more tension in the arms and legs of a child sleeping on his tummy rather then on his back. They often fix their position by putting their arms to the sides instead of having them in front of their eyes (which is important). It’s not true that babies need to exercise by lying on their tummy. Healthy babies that are left alone can turn on their tummy naturally and spontaneously at the same time as any other baby. Additionally, their laying position is clearly more confident. It’s also not true that we can support the proper development of the hips by laying a baby on his tummy. Yes, hips need to be at the right angle, but unless the legs aren’t wrongly fixed then the hips will assume this angle on their own. Furthermore, for the development of femur necks a baby needs movement, which creates friction and that stimulates ossification – that doesn’t happen while lying on the tummy.

When a child lies on his back, he learns to support himself with his scapula and his pelvic bones and gradually learns to control his body. He can watch his surroundings (and especially his mom) better this way; he can turn his head both ways and exercise his neck, head and back muscles. His limbs can freely move around and the baby gradually increases his range of motion in his joints. He is like a seed that is poking out his first sprout and growing his first leaves. After he waves his hands in front of his face, he realizes for the first time that those are his hands that he can control. Once he realizes that, he will start reaching for the world. This will the start up the important impulse to turn over on the tummy.

 

Let your child play

 

The second most important method of learning is play. A joyful game that a child initiated himself is the most harmonic way of developing motor skills in a child. Even work at home or in the garden can be considered a game or play. He develops his versatile motor skills much faster this way then through targeted exercise. A study, which measured the performances of 4-year olds in basic skills like running, throwing, jumping, etc. showed that children who were allowed to play outside everyday without supervision scored the best. It’s important to provide our children space in which they can explore and develop their own skills (like the possibility of climbing over, down, through, etc.)

We should be careful with targeting strengthening. Certain muscle groups could get out of balance, which could interfere with the development of the whole body.

 

Give your child space

 

The wishes and expectations of parents shouldn’t overwhelm the child. Some pre-school children don’t even have time to play because they have so many activities and responsibilities.

If we try to intervene and try to speed up our child’s development, he may lose his motivation to discover his body and develop his skills. We could decrease his self-awareness and teach him to depend on people around them. During free play, a child develops his imagination and creativity much more, as well as his appetite to explore and learn, the appetite to do and to change his surroundings.

This trend is affecting younger and younger children. Parents take their children swimming, exercising, singing and to many other places. We should choose a tolerable amount of activates for our child. During free play, a child develops his imagination and creativity much more, as well as his appetite to explore and learn, the appetite to do and to change his surroundings. During play with other children a child develops his communication skills, assertiveness and also the ability to help others and share. However, if the goal is to win, if competitiveness is encouraged, then the children are overtaken by aggression and rivalry.

Free movement is also much more important than developing the intellect using various tools, books and computers. Activities that don’t encourage movement can lead to much more than bad posture and movement problems. They also take away the children’s life strength for development and growing. Children that often watch TV (even if they are watching educational programs) and don’t move a lot are often pale and get sick a lot.

That leads us to another principle: don’t ever force a child into an activity. If he doesn’t want to participate in a game, its best if the parent plays alone. A child will probably join him sooner or later. If we force our child or put pressure on him he may start despising the activity all together. Even if it may not seem so, a child that is only watching others or is playing alone is still perceiving his surroundings and learning. Some children refuse to do anything, but then at home they repeat everything they heard or saw.

 

Rhythm

A child needs to experience rhythm. It gives him a sense of safety, peace, security, life strength and much more. Rhythm can be regularity or repetition of something familiar. For example, it could be beneficial to participate in an activity every Thursday. Rhythm is also inhaling and exhaling.

After an activity, a child should have time to take it in – a time for himself – during the day or in the middle of an exercise. A child that has an afterschool activity everyday can be very stressed. Similarly, if we change games and poems too much without giving our child time to exhale, it can lead to tension and overload. The lecture should flow as inhaling and exhaling, it should always have a similar structure and a ritual that signifies the beginning and end; the poems and games can be repeated…

A small child basically learns nothing of what we tell him. As we said before, he imitates us. He does so with other people he loves as well. That’s why the personality of the teacher is so important. Choose an activity for your child with your heart. The joy and laughter are just as important as the teacher’s expertise.

Parents often think that going to afterschool activities is also important because a child can hang around his peers. But that’s not the truth. A child under the age of three doesn’t really need to be in contact with other children. What is important is the contact between mothers (or fathers). Sharing of similar worries, exchanging information and inspiration, mutual support and understanding makes parents more confident and calm. The children can sense this calmness and then the „exercising“ becomes beneficial for them. The space for sharing, whether it is during a lecture or after it, should not be left out. The joy from the game, the meeting and life itself are also important.

 

Play With Me – How To Entertain Your Little Ones

At around the third year a child spends most of his time drawing. A game is serious work for preschoolers. It’s a path of personal development, a lifestyle and learning how to spend free time. If you also manage to make up a creative game, it will make the child use his brain, his hands and his nervous system. This will be beneficial when your child starts his first grade at school.

 

A 35-year old Sarah is a mother with a capital M. She has three beautiful, talented children that don’t hurt other children; they are nice, smart and attentive to others. They win competitions in drawing and reading. How did Sarah achieve this? Why are her children so talented and calm that it leaves us speechless? The answer is simple: „Since they were little, I would make up creative games and I initiated these games naturally, without force“, Sarah explains and adds: „I include them in everything me and my husband do. My daughters always helped me with cooking or baking, I let them clean or hang up the laundry and the boy helps his dad with hammering nails or assembling a new cabinet.

Basically, we never try to drive them away from these activities; instead we let them help us. The reward is children that know how to help and even enjoy it.” The preschool age is an important time for acquiring basic skills, knowledge, habits and experience. At this point in development, lifestyles and leisure time behaviors are also shaped. Therefore it’s very important to lead your child towards creativity. And games will serve you the best. A creative entertainment helps with mental, motoric and imagination development and strengthens the nervous system. Build blocks, paint, cook!

You probably noticed that your preschooler is no longer just interested in things and their function, but also in their parts, what they look like on the inside and how they do what they do. Your child first analyzes the toy and then plays with it. Typical toys for this age are puzzles or anything a child can put together. Are you thinking that there’s nothing creative about these games? On the contrary – a child learns a lot by building or putting together things. It’s a great exercise of analyzing a whole into parts and putting together parts into a whole – which is what your child will need once he starts learning to read in first grade. Even simple drawing has a significant influence on a positive child development. You don’t have to be a super-talented observer to see how your children’s drawings change over time.

 

At around the third year, children tend to draw people as a head with legs coming down from it. The face usually has eyes, while hair, mouth and nose come later. At around the fourth year a child starts drawing arms, hands and even fingers. Finally, clothing comes – at first the legs and hands can be seen under the shirt and pants, but that improves in time. Psychologists say that when a child draws a complete clothed person he is ready for school. „In preschool, we paint a lot and on anything that can be painted on.

Recently, children painted on their shirts and each shirt told a different story. The children enjoyed it and they’ll have it forever“ says children’s teacher Petra Sattlerova.

Unleash your imagination and let your children paint on – for example – raw pasta, eggs (even if it’s not Easter) or on windows.

The kitchen – a place to play

 

Let your children in the kitchen. The happiness and joy of your preschoolers are worth the mess. „Every year, we bake Christmas cookies. We start in September, because my daughters love it. This year, our little David joined us. I prepare the batter, give the kids cookie cutters and let them do what they want. It’s great fun even for us parents,“ says mom Sarah. Kids enjoy kitchen activities, because they love anything they can get messy with, anything with a sticky, crumbly or liquid consistency. Take advantage of this and get them involved in cooking.

Make a batter that won’t stick (mix flour with water and two tablespoons of oil) and make balls, little rolls or any other shapes that your children like. Decorate all of these creations with your children using for example cumin, poppy seeds or nuts. Such activities are very beneficial for children. Even at a preschool age a child still needs to perfect his fine motor skills and decorating cookies or gingerbread is ideal for this. A child also learns patience during activates like these. Just remember how mad you get during decorating cookies when it’s not going so well.

 

Back to the living room

 

„Everything a child learns at a preschool age effects his success in the first grade.“ Therefore it’s good if, for example, he knows how to properly hold a pencil,“ a children’s teacher explains. That’s why you should always correct your child while he’s drawing or coloring and sooner or later you’ll see that he will pick up a pencil the right way and it will stay with him.

 

A great game that will teach your child the analysis and synthesis of words (which his teachers will surely appreciate) is „word decomposition“. „I tell the children that we will play aliens, and that I will try to see if they’ll understand me…I spell out a word, for example t-o-y, and someone says it’s a toy,“ mom Sarah describes another creative game. She adds: „Thanks to this game, my older daughter didn’t have any problems with reading in the first grade.“ Everything a child does and what looks like a game is in fact a thoughtful exercise and development. Don’t be afraid to sing songs with your children, play the flute or thread beads. Your reward will be a preschooler that is curious, smart, and gets excited for any creativity that you parents think of. „In school, we see significant differences between children. We can immediately tell if parents play with their children, or if they just let them sit in front of the computer,“ Petra Sattler (a children’s teacher) explains.

 

How to entertain your child for 5 minutes:

 

a) Sit you child near a window and tell him to first count all the red cars he sees, then all the blue cars, green, etc. A child exercises not only counting, but also colors.

b) Play a word game (they are great for expanding a child’s vocabulary)

c) Let your child help you hang up the laundry or empty the dishwasher (he will feel important doing „adult“ things)

d) Make your child a gardener. Plant beans, watercress or parsley; basically anything that can be planted at home, behind a window. Your little gardener will enthusiastically watch the plants grow every day.

 

How to entertain your child for 10 minutes:

 

a)   Ask your child to draw your a picture of what happened at kindergarten that day. He can also describe the picture to you in detail.

b)   Play the game „Guess who I am” – somebody thinks of a fairy tale character or an animal and the others ask closed-ended questions (YES/NO) to figure out what he is thinking of.

c)   Buy a few bags of gummy bears and thread them together to make a necklace. A child can then give this necklace to somebody (his grandmother or his father) and they can eat it together.

d)  Take a medium-sized ball. Think of a category in which you will be competing (like animals, food, plants…). Throw or roll the ball to each other. Whoever sends the ball off must also say a word that belongs in the category. Whoever doesn’t catch the ball or can’t think of a word has to do a „dare“ (he has to jump, sing, etc.)

 

How to entertain your child for an hour:

 

a)   Decorate apples: put different kinds of cut fruit on a skewer and then stick these skewers in an apple. Leave the apple on the table, so that your child can eat it. He will enjoy it and also eat some vitamins.

b) Bake a desert with your child, he can put ingredients in a bowl, mix them and you can pour the batter into a form. You’ll see, how patiently he will be waiting near the oven and looking forward to tasting his creation.

c)   Use clay and play creatively! Animals, people, houses, lakes, anything that you can think of. The joy in a child’s heart will warm your heart.

d)  Take a large bowl or a pot and put in various small items that you find at home (make sure they are safe). Make your child close his eyes (or tie a scarf over his eyes). The object of the game is for you child to tell what the items are and what they are used for by touch.

 

Burp

When a baby drinks, it often swallows some air with it too, although not always. There are two reasons for helping your baby to burp.

 

Firstly, the baby doesn’t feel comfortable since the trapped air causes crams in its tummy which leads to a glutted feeling. The baby is then annoyed, it cries and cannot fall asleep. Secondly, the swallowed air bubbles in the stomach can cause a false feeling of being adequately full. When the baby feels this full, it stops drinking and later on after the air bubbles escape, its empty stomach demands feeding again. In this way, the baby is hungry and it wants to drink earlier than what was originally awaited which could sometimes be confusing and bothersome.

The more hastily the baby drinks, the more the milk spouts into its mouth, the more air it will probably swallow while drinking – and the other way round. In case that the child drinks especially calmly, it might not be necessary for it to burp at all.

According to this observation, you can decide whether to hold him in a position to induce burping for a while or whether to offer him your other breast. If the baby becomes upset after a few minutes of drinking the milk, it lets go of the breast and starts to wriggle, it is important to check if it needs to burp quickly.

You should certainly hold the baby in a vertical position for a while after the feeding, in the case that it has not fallen asleep yet. If you think that he has had enough, you can let him sleep until he himself shows a need to burp. It might be a good thing to offer the baby your breast once more after it has burped. Keep this in mind especially if the baby’s burp is very prominent (which could be a sign of false fullness) or if it has thrown up a significant amount of milk. This has occupied the space above the air bubbles and was emitted together with it – in this case we should not presume that the baby has had more than enough.

 

How to help the baby burp

The air rises upwards and so, you should hold the baby in an upright position –  the air then rises towards the entrance into the stomach and then it can escape better. The classical position for the baby to burp is for it to sit on your arm looking over your shoulder or to sit on your thighs leaning backwards against you. You can also gently and repeatedly pat him over his back from downwards to upwards using your palm so that the air can rise up at a faster rate. Since a little bit of milk will also be purged out when the baby burps, try to keep it away from your clothes. Don’t attempt to wait for the burp “forever”. If it doesn’t come in a few minutes, you can forget about it, especially if the baby feels alright. If it will feel like burping later on, it will show this by becoming upset and behaving in a confused manner. Then you should lightly hold him up for a while and he should burp without a problem.

 

What to do if the burp doesn’t come and the air causes crams in the stomach

 

For babies who gobble down the milk in a hasty manner, it can take a while before they burp. As I mentioned previously, the air bubbles are causing crams in the stomach and they trap a lot of milk above it – more time is needed before it can rise up. Some babies need to burp several times before all the air gets pushed out. Until then, they are restless and tend to cry even though they have had enough and don’t want to drink anymore. In such cases, you should feed your baby as soon as possible, so that it doesn’t drink as hastily, and not to wait until it starts to cry out of hunger. It would also be good if the child could burp while drinking, but this is not always possible. It might help if your hold him more upwards while feeding so that its head lies higher than its buttock. If your breastfeeding let down reflex functions so well that the milk spouts out in large amount immediately so that the baby needs to gobble it down rapidly which causes him to swallow lots of air as well, then you could try to take him away from your breast for a few seconds after a few gulps. Keep a towel aside to wipe off the  milk that flows out and then place the baby right back to your breast once the milk starts to flow out a little slower.

The length of a child’s cry

The cry of a baby is one of the sharpest and the loudest sounds that we could possibly hear in a household (about 80 to 85 decibels)

 

It starts to appear around the second week of a child’s life, it grows in strength around the eighth to tenth week and then it lowers down towards the end of the third or the beginning of the forth month due to the baby’s brain development and a better mutual communication.

From several observations it is evident that a newborn around its first to second month of age commonly cries one to three hours a day. The length of the cry is individual for each child. About a quarter of children cry a lot and a half of them cries very often. The usual duration of a cry also varies a lot depending on the mother. On one end of the extreme, a mother might think: “I think that if the child was really happy, it wouldn’t cry at all.” And on the other extreme: “He can cry for as long as he wants. I don’t think that he is unhappy because in between of two turbulent cries, he can be cheerful and brisk.  Most probably, he is just exercising his lungs.”

The youngest children cry at various times during the day depending on their individuality. Some can cry five to six half hours before feeding or before sleeping while others cry only towards the end of the day.

Some children like to cry especially in the night. These ‘little owls’ love to exchange the night for the day. To its age of one to two months, a newborn cries during the night, because it is hungry. It is highly  inconvenient, but it is the case. It is not up to the parents, but up to the child when he stops requiring   feeding at 2am in the morning. Later on, the night waking up can be due to a discomfort (too hot, a thirst, a blocked nose and so on..) or due to a sudden pain. Both causes should be of your attention and you should take a look at the child. But take note – do not confuse such a cry with a cry out of sleep from which we should not wake the child up.  Also, do not confuse this with a cry of an older child who got so used to parents’ comforting in the middle of the night.

 

Afternoon cry

An afternoon cry is infamously well-known too. The day is coming to an end, the mum is tired and she would like to take some rest, daddy is coming home from work and this is exactly the moment which the baby, so cute just a while ago, choses to start crying endlessly. However, at the same time the baby’s immediate condition does not provide any explanation for this. We are playing with him, we talk to him, we offer him his bottle, we get him changed and praise him, but we can’t seem to quiet him down. The baby first starts to whimper, then it breaks into a cry and none of our attempts to quiet him down seem to work. “The early evening hour when the lions go to drink” is not such a vulnerable time just for the babies. The old and the sick are vulnerable to this time period as well and they need to overcome this depressive moment. Is this about some metaphysical syndrome?  Or about a need to discharge an extra energy? Or about a reaction to the surroundings or the mother’s tiredness? No doubt all of this takes its part.

 

All “normal” babies cry. Some of them objectively cry much more than the others even though some parents can bear with the cry better than others and so they complain less. We can try to avoid an excessive cry by understanding it better and by learning how to respond to it. However, it is impossible to prevent all the cry, because, as needs to be emphasized again, it is a sign of the baby’s good physical and especially psychological well-being.

Don’t forget that babies who cry a lot are generally more active and brisk. They develop well and at a faster rate physically as well as communicatively. Statistically, there is a smaller proportional of sudden death cases in these babies. These babies demand so much attention and we pay so much attention to them that they never fail to be a subject of cuddling and communication.

Once this crying phase is over, you will observe a fabulous and confident child who develops intellectually at a fast rate. Babies who cry often need more love, attention and patients. And just wait to see the result!